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Title: Comparative Analysis Graphic Elements of Packaging Design Instant Noodles Mamee - Malaysia and Production of Indofood – Indonesia
Author(s): Ir. Siti Hadiati Nugraini M.Kom.
Pages: 1-8 Paper ID:173401-8282-IJBAS-IJENS Published: February, 2017
Abstract: Packaging Desing is one of the most important things to sell a product. The graphic elements on the packaging are able to be a factor to decide whether a package is attractive or not. A good packaging design is not only attractive when displayed on the shelves, but also be able to convince consumers to buy. Moreover, Instant noodle MAMEE-Malaysia and production of Indofood-Indonesia namely INDOMIE has a particular packaging of design graphic elements; those are different for each type. It is interesting to study and analyze because there are not a lot of instant noodle products that have a graphic element that is different for each type. In this study, researchers have analyzed the differences in graphic elements and what factors are taken into consideration and the causes of different designs. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used in the study, while the method of analysis data using comparative descriptive method. Interviews, observations and documentations were used in collecting data. Questioners were collected from 30 respondents. This research found different on each package, packing instant noodles MAMEE-Malaysia did not add information about vitamins and minerals, while INDOMIE-Indonesia added it as enriched information. At the front of the packaging design either on instant noodles MAMEE-Malaysia or INDOMIE-Indonesia there is a flash image that contains additional information about the fried onions, crackers, condiments and sauces chili oil. Information about how to cook or how to supply as many noodle products can be found on the back of the packaging, either on instant noodles MAMEE-Malaysia or INDOMIE-Indonesia. Information about how the manner of presentation on the packaging INDOMIE-Indonesia there are two kinds, namely the presentation with cooked in boiling water and the second with a microwave. When analyzed from the information given in the picture like 2 minutes, 3 minutes, 5 minutes, 350 cc and 400 cc showed that the designers of these illustrations have considered that community in Indonesia and Malaysia prefer to see a visual than the inscription, although next to the picture there is a description manner of presentation, while at the back of the packaging of instant noodles MAMEE-Malaysia the way of presenting only one, which is boiled with boiling water. Evaluation of the results showed that five (5) attributes, is dominated by INDOMIE namely general packaging design, colors, fonts, how to cook and information about vitamins and minerals. One (1) attribute is dominated by MAMEE, which is lack of information about the level of spiciness, while two (2) attributes that are the nutritional value and the addition of fried onions is equal either for instant noodles INDOMIE-Indonesia or MAMEE -Malaysia.
Full Text (.pdf)  International Journals Of Engineering and Science | 701 KB
Title: The Effects of Sucrose on the Structural Properties of ZnO Films
Author(s): M. S. A. Neves, E. M. Sussuchi, E. A. Souza
Pages: 9-14 Paper ID:173201-5959-IJBAS-IJENS Published: February, 2017
Abstract: The spray pyrolysis technique in combination with a chemical route based on aqueous sucrose solution was used in the current study to deposit zinc oxide (ZnO) on films. The effects of sucrose concentration and annealing temperature on the structural, morphological and optical properties were investigated. The X-ray diffraction analyses have shown that the sucrose played an important role in the ZnO structure formation, since it enabled the formation of a variety of structures (polycrystalline, textured and amorphous) and gradually controlled the film growth along the plane (002), when it was associated with the annealing treatment. The use of sucrose has significantly increased the transmittance of the samples with small energy gap variation, as well as it has changed the grain size of the films. The results of the current study have indicated that sucrose may be a chelating agent able to improve zinc oxide structural, morphological and optical properties, as well as to expand the control over these properties.
Keywords: Zinc oxide, TCO, sucrose, spray pyrolysis, transparent conducting oxide
Full Text (.pdf)  International Journals Of Engineering and Science | 722 KB
Title: Effect of Temperature towards Rice Husk Silica Characterization with Different Preparation Methods
Author(s): Rosiah Osman, Nor Hapishah Abdullah, Khamirul Amin Matori, Mohd. Nizar Hamidon, Ismayadi Ismail, Syazwan Mustaffa
Pages: 15-20 Paper ID:176501-2828-IJBAS-IJENS Published: February, 2017
Abstract: Rice Husk Ash (RHA) ceramic presented in this paper undergoes different preparation methods. This study reported a comparison in terms of product quality, yield, structure and processing time between acid leaching techniques (HCl) to the other non-treated acid leaching. In this research, the White Rice Husk Ash (WRHA) pellets were prepared by cleaning the Rice Husk (RH) with distilled water and HCl acid respectively. The raw material, RH was going through thermal treatment in order to produce white ash powder then milled into nano-sized powder via high-energy ball milling (HEBM). To subject the samples to a series of temperatures, the pressed pellets went through multi-sample sintering, where the samples were sintered at 800ºC, 1000ºC, 1100ºC and 1200ºC for each batch. The percentage of density and porosity respectively increases and decreases with the increasing of sintering temperature. During the sintering process, the grain size increased, which caused less porosity and giving higher density in the sample. The comparative XRD plot of the sintered samples at various temperatures prepared by different cleaning route showed the difference between the amorphous and crystalline silica. The XRD spectra reveal that the main phase for crystallization was cristobalite and tridynamite. The FESEM images displayed the comparative morphological features of the samples. The grain sizes were observed to be smaller by acid leach treatment. Acid leaching of rice husks prior to combustion resulted in smaller particle size, larger surface area in comparison with ash from non-acid treated husks (NTR).
Keywords: Rice husk silica, cristobalite, acid-leach treatment, high energy ball milling.
Full Text (.pdf)  International Journals Of Engineering and Science | 331 KB
Title: Evaluating Acoustical Performance of Several Churches in Jordan
Author(s): Mysoon Moamar, Faten Altwal, Jawdat Goussous, Reziq Hammad
Pages: 21-28 Paper ID:175701-4848-IJBAS-IJENS Published: February, 2017
Abstract: Acoustical performance is one of the most important aspects that affect architectural design for any church in the world this. This paper investigates two important parameters that affect sound intelligibility in any space, which are Reverberation Time (RT) and Background Noise (BN). It intends to evaluate the acoustical performance, and enhance it in three different churches in Amman – Jordan (Lutheran Good Shepherd Church, Roman Catholic Church, Sacred Heart of Jesus Church). The results showed that the RT in two churches exceedes the recommended RT of churches, while one of them recorded an acceptable RT. BN measured was acceptable in the three cases.
Keywords: Church acoustics, Reverberation time (RT), Background noise (BN), Optimum Reverberation, Sound Absorption.
Full Text (.pdf)  International Journals Of Engineering and Science | 596 KB